A robust phase-coordinates frequency-dependent underground cable model (zCable) for the EMTP

TitleA robust phase-coordinates frequency-dependent underground cable model (zCable) for the EMTP
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsYu, T. - C., and J. R. Marti
JournalPower Delivery, IEEE Transactions on
Pagination189 - 194
Date Publishedjan.
Keywordsabsolute numerical stability, arbitrary fault conditions, asymmetrical cable configurations, digital simulation, electromagnetic transient program, EMTP, frequency-dependent loss section, frequency-dependent transformation matrix, ideal line section, ideal line section modeling, loss section modeling, modal variables, multiphase cable modeling, phase domain variables, pi-correction, power cables, real-time PC-cluster simulator, robust algorithms, robust phase-coordinates frequency-dependent underground cable model, transformation matrix models, traveling times, underground cables, zCable

A major difficulty in multiphase cable modeling with traditional electromagnetic transient program like the EMTP is the synthesis of the frequency-dependent transformation matrix which relates modal and phase domain variables. This paper presents a new model (zCable) to represent the frequency-dependence of cable parameters directly in phase coordinates thus avoiding the problems related to frequency-dependent transformation matrices. The cable model is split into two parts: a constant ideal line section and a frequency-dependent loss section. A pi-correction is proposed to solve the problem of different traveling times in the ideal line section. The main advantage of the proposed model as compared to existing frequency-dependent transformation matrix models is the model's absolute numerical stability for strongly asymmetrical cable configurations and for arbitrary fault conditions. In addition, the model parameters are easy to obtain with robust algorithms and the model can be efficiently implemented in the context of a real-time PC-cluster simulator.


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