Depolarization of Propagating Signals by Narrowband Ricean Fading Channels

TitleDepolarization of Propagating Signals by Narrowband Ricean Fading Channels
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsSivertsen, K. N., A. E. - L. Liou, and D. G. Michelson
Conference NameVehicular Technology Conference, 2008. VTC Spring 2008. IEEE
Pagination1534 -1538
Date Publishedmay.
Keywordsangle of arrival distribution, correlation methods, cross-correlation coefficient, direction-of-arrival estimation, diversity reception, diversity scheme, electromagnetic wave polarisation, first-order statistics, narrowband Ricean fading channel, power-only measurement, radiowave propagation, Rician channels, signal propagation depolarization, statistical analysis

In many cases of practical interest, the angle of arrival distribution at the receiver is sufficiently narrow that one can use knowledge of the mean received signal levels, Ricean K-factors and the cross-correlation coefficient that characterize fading signals observed on orthogonally polarized diversity branches to predict the of polarization state dispersion. This allows one to use simple power-only measurements of narrowband polarization diversity to predict the performance of alternative polarization diversity schemes or polarization adaptive antennas in realistic environments. Moreover, our results offer a useful geometric interpretation of how decorrelation between polarization diversity branches arises: As the angular spread of the polarization state distribution on the Poincare sphere broadens, the correlation between branches decreases. However, knowledge of the angular spread alone is not sufficient to predict the cross-correlation coefficient; the Ricean K-factors on the branches must be known as well. Otherwise, the analogy to a similar relationship between the angle of arrival distribution and correlation between branches in space diversity is striking.


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