Dynamic Performance of Brushless DC Motors With Unbalanced Hall Sensors

TitleDynamic Performance of Brushless DC Motors With Unbalanced Hall Sensors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsSamoylenko, N., Q. Han, and J. Jatskevich
JournalEnergy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on
Pagination752 -763
Date Publishedsep.
KeywordsBLDC motors, brushless DC motors, Hall effect transducers, Hall-effect sensors, inverter phase, low-frequency harmonics, motor phase, sensor placement, torque, torque ripple, unbalanced Hall sensors, unbalanced operation

Brushless dc (BLDC) motors controlled by Hall-effect sensors are widely used in various applications and have been extensively researched in the literature, mainly under the assumption that the Hall sensors are ideally placed 120 electrical degrees apart. However, this assumption is not always valid; in fact, sensor placement may be significantly inaccurate, especially in medium- and low-precision BLDC machines. This paper shows that misplaced Hall sensors lead to unbalanced operation of the inverter and motor phases, which increases the low-frequency harmonics in torque ripple and degrades the overall drive performance. The paper also presents several average-filtering techniques that can be applied to the original Hall-sensor signals to mitigate the effect of unbalanced placement during steady-state and transient operations. The proposed methodology is demonstrated by modeling and hardware, and is shown to achieve dynamic performance similar to that of a BLDC motor with accurately positioned Hall sensors.


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