On the control of magnetically levitated robot wrists

TitleOn the control of magnetically levitated robot wrists
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication1988
AuthorsSalcudean, S.
Conference NameDecision and Control, 1988., Proceedings of the 27th IEEE Conference on
Pagination186 -191 vol.1
Date Publisheddec.
Keywordsangular momentum observer, compensation, Euler quaternion representation, linearisation techniques, magic wrist, magnetic levitation, nonlinear angular velocity, PD/PLD compensators, position control, robots, six-degrees-of-freedom magnetically levitated robot wrists, three term control, three-term control, two term control, two-term control

The author deals with the problem of controlling six-degrees-of-freedom magnetically levitated robot wrists. This control problem is greatly simplified by the use of the Euler quaternion representation of rotation. It is shown that both the approximate and exact linearizations of the equations of motion are fully decoupled second-order systems, and therefore simple scalar PD/PID (proportional-derivative/proportional-integral-derivative) compensators can be used for their control. The author presents a novel nonlinear angular velocity or angular momentum observer and shows that it has global and eventually exponential convergence. The author presents simulation results and discusses some implementation issues and experimental results. The simulations, using the magic wrist parameters, showed that these controllers perform well


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