Behavioural analysis of the pull-in dynamic transition

TitleBehavioural analysis of the pull-in dynamic transition
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsRocha, L. A., E. Cretu, and R. F. Wolffenbuttel
JournalJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering

A careful analysis of the dynamics of the pull-in displacement reveals a metastable transient interval for devices with a Q factor lower than 1.2. The duration of this metastable regime could be up to 20 ms for the structure used in this work, depending on the damping. For typical device dimensions this regime dominates pull-in dynamics. This paper explicitly focuses on the metastable regime. The results of numerical simulations are confirmed with measurement results with the purpose of providing a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms. This may contribute to both improved actuator design and enhanced sensitivity of pressure sensors and accelerometers operating on pull-in time interval measurement. The sensitivity of the pull-in time to external accelerations is 6 × 10 −2 s/ms −2 ( 0.6 ms mg −1 ) for current devices and can be increased by design.


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