Comparing Unscented and Extended Kalman Filter Algorithms in the Rigid-Body Point-Based Registration

TitleComparing Unscented and Extended Kalman Filter Algorithms in the Rigid-Body Point-Based Registration
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsMoghari, M. H., and P. Abolmaesumi
Conference NameEngineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2006. EMBS '06. 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE
Pagination497 -500
Date Publishedaug.
Keywordscomputed variances, extended Kalman filter algorithms, fiducial markers, hip surgery, image registration, Kalman filters, localized fiducial points, medical image processing, neurosurgery, numerical analysis, numerical simulation, orthopaedic surgery, point-based registration, rigid transformation determination, rigid-body registration, second-order Taylor series expansion, series (mathematics), spine surgery, surgery, target registration error, unscented Kalman filter algorithms

Rigid registration is a crucial step in guidance system designed for neurosurgery, hip surgery, spine surgery and orthopaedic surgery. These systems often rely on point-based registration to determine the rigid transformation. The points used for registration (fiducial points) can be either extracted from the object being registered or created by implanting fiducial markers on the object. The localized fiducial points are generally corrupted by the noise which is called fiducial (point) localization error. In this work, we present a new point-based registration algorithm based on the Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) algorithm and compare it with the earlier proposed registration algorithm which is based on the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) algorithm. By means of numerical simulations, it is shown that the UKF registration algorithm more accurately estimates the registration parameters than the EKF registration algorithm. In addition, in contrast with EKF, UKF computes the variance of the estimated registration parameters with the accuracy of at least second-order Taylor series expansion. The computed variances are valuable information that can be used to determine the accuracy of the registration at any desired target positions (target registration error). We utilize the estimated variance of the registration parameters to compute the distribution of target registration error (TRE) at a desired target location. A new formula for the distribution of TRE, based on the estimated variances, is derived, and it is shown that the computed distribution more accurately follows the real distribution that is generated by the numerical simulations, than the one obtained from the EKF registration algorithm


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