A model for the multipath delay profile of fixed wireless channels

TitleA model for the multipath delay profile of fixed wireless channels
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsErceg, V., D. G. Michelson, S. S. Ghassemzadeh, L. J. Greenstein, J. Rustako, A.J., P. B. Guerlain, M. K. Dennison, R. S. Roman, D. J. Barnickel, S. C. Wang, and R. R. Miller
JournalSelected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on
Pagination399 -410
Date Publishedmar.
Keywords1.9 GHz, antenna height, average powers ratio, beamwidth, Chicago, correlation methods, data analysis, decay time constant, delays, directive antennas, directive terminal antennas, exponential decay, fixed wireless channels, Illinois, mean power, measurement, modeling, multipath channels, multipath delay profile, New Jersey, normalized plot, omnidirectional antennas, path length, probability, probability distributions, profile parameters, received power, response delay, spike-plus-exponential shape, statistical analysis, statistical correlation, suburban environments, terrain, UHF, UHF radio propagation, western suburbs

This paper deals with the measurement and modeling of multipath delay on fixed wireless paths at 1.9 GHz in suburban environments. The primary focus is on the delay profile, which is the normalized plot of received power versus delay in response to an RT ldquo;impulse. rdquo; We describe measurement campaigns in the western suburbs of Chicago, IL, and in suburban north-central New Jersey. Our analysis of the data suggests to us that, for directive terminal antennas, the delay profile can be modeled as having a ldquo;spike-plus-exponential rdquo; shape, i.e., a strong return ( ldquo;spike rdquo;) at the lowest delay, plus a set of returns whose mean powers decay exponentially with delay. This delay profile can be characterized by just two parameters (both variable over the terrain), namely, the ratio (K0) of the average powers in the ldquo;spike rdquo; and ldquo;exponential rdquo; components and the decay time constant ( tau;0) of the ldquo;exponential rdquo; component. No such simple structure appears to apply for delay profiles using omnidirectional antennas. For a directive antenna with a 32 deg; beamwidth, we find that: (1) the statistical correlation between the profile parameters K0 and tau;0 is negligible; (2) these parameters are relatively insensitive to antenna height and path length; and (3) over each measured region (Illinois and New Jersey), K0 and tau;0 have median values close to 8 dB and just below 0.2 mu;s, respectively. Moreover, we have found simple probability distributions that accurately portray the variability of K0 and tau;0 over the terrain


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