Improved slope estimation for SAR Doppler ambiguity resolution

TitleImproved slope estimation for SAR Doppler ambiguity resolution
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsCumming, I. G., and S. Li
JournalGeoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on
Pagination707 - 718
Date Publishedmar.
Keywordsantenna pointing angle, Doppler ambiguity resolution, Doppler centroid estimation, Doppler radar, look displacement algorithm, radar resolution, Radon transform, Radon transforms, remote sensing by radar, SAR, satellite beam pointing angle, slope estimation, synthetic aperture radar

The idea of using the Radon transform to measure the alignment of linear features in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data has breathed new life into the "look displacement" class of Doppler ambiguity resolution algorithms. In these algorithms, the slope of target energy is estimated to obtain the satellite beam pointing angle accurately enough to resolve the Doppler ambiguity. After explaining the method and adding some minor improvements, it is shown how it can work well on satellite SAR data. Then, an alternate method is developed that combines the ideas of the Radon and look displacement algorithms to obtain a computationally simpler and more accurate algorithm. In addition, the quality checks of the "spatial diversity" approach are used to increase the robustness of the algorithm. Even though the algorithm was conceived for high-contrast scenes, it works remarkably well in low to medium contrast scenes as well.


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