Distributed space-time block coding

TitleDistributed space-time block coding
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsYiu, S., R. Schober, and L. Lampe
JournalCommunications, IEEE Transactions on
Pagination1195 -1206
Date Publishedjul.
Keywordsad hoc networks, antennas, block codes, decode-and-forward relaying, distributed space-time block coding, diversity reception, DSTBC, information-carrying code matrix, matrix algebra, sensor networks, single-antenna relay nodes, space-time codes, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

In this paper, a new class of distributed space-time block codes (DSTBCs) is introduced. These DSTBCs are designed for wireless networks which have a large set of single-antenna relay nodes Nscr, but at any given time only a small, a priori unknown subset of nodes SsubeNscr can be active. In the proposed scheme, the signal transmitted by an active relay node is the product of an information-carrying code matrix and a unique node signature vector of length Nc. It is shown that existing STBCs designed for Nc2 co-located antennas are favorable choices for the code matrix, guaranteeing a diversity order of d=min{NS,Nc} if NS nodes are active. For the most interesting case, NSgesNc, the performance loss entailed by the distributed implementation is analytically characterized. Furthermore, efficient methods for the optimization of the set of signature vectors are provided. Depending on the chosen design, the proposed DSTBCs allow for low-complexity coherent, differential, and noncoherent detection, respectively. Possible applications include ad hoc and sensor networks employing decode-and-forward relaying


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