Decision-feedback sequence estimation for time-reversal space-time block coded transmission

TitleDecision-feedback sequence estimation for time-reversal space-time block coded transmission
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsSchober, R., H. Chen, and W. Gerstacker
Conference NameWireless Communications and Networking Conference, 2004. WCNC. 2004 IEEE
Pagination1222 - 1227 Vol.2
Date Publishedmar.
Keywordsanticausal interference, binary modulation, block codes, cellular radio, computational complexity, decision-feedback sequence estimation, delay spreads, EDGE system, GSM system, matched filters, modulation, prediction-error filter, reduced-state sequence estimation, space-time codes, spatiotemporal matched filter, telecommunication channels, time-reversal space-time block coded transmission, trellis complexity, typical channel profiles

We present three different decision-feedback sequence estimation (DFSE) schemes for time-reversal space-time block coding (TR-STBC). The first scheme is called unwhitened DFSE (U-DFSE) and performs reduced-state sequence estimation based on the output of the spatio-temporal matched filter (MF) typically employed in TR-STBC. The second approach improves upon U-DFSE by subtracting a bias term caused by anti-causal interference from the U-DFSE metric. In the third scheme, the noise component in the output of the spatio-temporal MF is first whitened using a prediction-error filter that can he efficiently computed using the Levinson-Durbin algorithm, and subsequently whitened DFSE (W-DFSE) is performed. As relevant example, all three DFSE schemes are compared for the GSM/EDGE system and typical channel profiles such as typical urban (TU) and hilly terrain (HT). Our results show that for binary modulation (as used in GSM) U-DFSE and its improved version can approach the performance of W-DFSE for the full range of delay spreads relevant for GSM and EDGE. On the other hand, for high-level modulation (as used in EDGE) only W-DFSE gives a satisfactory performance, if a low trellis complexity is desired.


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