Comparison of calibration methods for spatial tracking of a 3-D ultrasound probe

TitleComparison of calibration methods for spatial tracking of a 3-D ultrasound probe
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsPoon, T. C., and R. N. Rohling
JournalUltrasound Med Biol
Volume31
Pagination1095-108
Date PublishedAug
Abstract

Real-time 3-D ultrasound (US) is a new-generation US system that uses a dedicated probe to create volume data sets instead of standard 2-D cross-sectional images. For applications in image-guided surgery and radiation therapy, a position tracker is added to the probe so that the volumes can be located in space. Calibration plays a critical role in determining the overall accuracy of an US volume-tracking system. In this paper, three calibration methods are developed specifically for 3-D probes. The three methods are based on a IXI-shaped wire phantom, a cube phantom and a stylus. The performance of each method was evaluated in terms of calibration reproducibility, point accuracy and reconstruction accuracy by distance measurement. The mean errors in the reproducibility tests were 1.50 mm (IXI-wire), 1.16 mm (cube) and 5.13 mm (stylus). The root mean square errors of the point accuracy measure were 2.15 mm (IXI-wire), 4.91 mm (cube) and 2.36 mm (stylus). The root mean square errors of the reconstruction accuracy by distance measure were 1.52 mm (IXI-wire), 1.59 mm (cube) and 1.85 mm (stylus). Overall, the IXI-wire phantom achieved the best results.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2005.04.003
DOI10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2005.04.003

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