A tied-mixture 2D HMM face recognition system

TitleA tied-mixture 2D HMM face recognition system
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsOthman, H., and T. Aboulnasr
Conference NamePattern Recognition, 2002. Proceedings. 16th International Conference on
Pagination453 - 456 vol.2
Keywords2D face recognition, face recognition, Gaussian kernels, hidden Markov models, learning (artificial intelligence), model training, parameter estimation, parameter tying, probability, probability distributions, second-order hidden Markov model, tied-mixture

In this paper, a simplified 2D second-order hidden Markov model (HMM) with tied state mixtures is applied to the face recognition problem. The mixture of the model states is fully-tied across all models for lower complexity. Tying HMM parameters is a well-known solution for the problem of insufficient training data leading to nonrobust estimation. We show that parameter tying in HMM also enhances the resolution in the case of small model. The performance of the proposed 2D HMM tied-mixture system is studied for the face recognition problem and the expected improved robustness is confirmed.


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