A noise resistant synchronization scheme for HDTV images

TitleA noise resistant synchronization scheme for HDTV images
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1994
AuthorsNasiopoulos, P., and R. K. Ward
JournalBroadcasting, IEEE Transactions on
Pagination228 -237
Date Publisheddec.
Keywords32-QAM, bit error, compressed block, data compression, error resistance, FEC code, forward error correction, graceful picture degradation, HDTV images, HDTV system, header-word, high definition television, image coding, inter-frames, modulation, noise, noise resistant synchronization, picture quality, quadrature amplitude modulation, reference frames, signal powe, SNR, synchronisation, synchronization block sizes

A method that increases the error resistance of the HDTV system and offers graceful picture degradation in the presence of bit errors, is presented. Due to the nature of the presently proposed compression schemes for HDTV systems, an error in a data bit does not only affect the block the bit belongs to, but unfortunately the effects of this error may perpetuate to the following blocks. This is because a bit error may cause loss of synchronization between the data bits and the picture blocks they represent. Our method restricts the effects of a bit error to a picture block whose size is significantly smaller than those used by the HDTV systems. We achieve synchronization by transmitting a header-word for each such synchronization block. Each header-word contains the number of data bits representing the compressed block. This header-word is protected by two levels of FEC code. To decrease the number of extra bits needed by the header-words, two different synchronization block sizes are used, a relatively small block size for the reference frames and a larger size for the inter-frames. The resulting method improves the quality of the picture in the presence of errors and defers the SNR at which the HDTV picture suddenly deteriorates by 2.5 to 3 dB. It also allows operation at higher order modulation transmission schemes, e.g., 32-QAM instead of 16-QAM, without the requirement of increased signal power


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