On the performance of particle contaminated GIS with coated electrodes

TitleOn the performance of particle contaminated GIS with coated electrodes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsMorcos, M. M., S. Zhang, and K. D. Srivastava
JournalElectric Power Components and Systems

Electrical insulation performance of compressed gas insulated switchgear (GIS) and gas insulated transmission line (GITL) system is adversely affected by metallic particle contaminants. Dielectric coatings help to improve the insulation performance in several ways. For example, it is known that dielectric coated electrodes in compressed gas give a somewhat higher breakdown voltage. Such coatings have the effect of "smoothing" the surface and reducing the pre-breakdown current in the gas gap. Also, in the presence of metallic particle contamination, the electrostatic particle charging is impeded, hence, the maximum particle excursion in a coaxial GIS/GITL is significantly reduced for a given applied AC voltage. A simple particle charging model, however has some significant shortcomings. For example, the charge exchange mechanism between the particle and the electrodes is poorly understood and very complex to model. In this article, the dynamics of a wire particle in a coaxial GITL system with coated electrodes under AC voltage is studied using a computational algorithm. The possibility of SF6 gas insulation breakdown due to the presence of metallic contaminants was computed at different applied voltages and gas pressures. Results of laboratory experiments conducted at Chalmers University to verify the computational outcome are presented.

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