A brain-controlled switch for asynchronous control applications

TitleA brain-controlled switch for asynchronous control applications
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsMason, S. G., and G. E. Birch
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Volume47
Pagination1297–1307
ISSN0018-9294
Abstract

Asynchronous control applications are an important class of application that has not received much attention from the brain-computer interface (BCI) community, This work provides a design for an asynchronous BCI switch and performs the first extensive evaluation of an asynchronous device in attentive, spontaneous electroencephalographic (EEG), The switch design [named the low-frequency asynchronous switch design (LF-ASD)] is based on a new feature set related to imaginary movements in the 1-4 Hz frequency range. This new feature set was identified from a unique analysis of EEG using a bi-scale wavelet. Offline evaluations of a prototype switch demonstrated hit (true positive) rates in the range of 38%-81% with corresponding false positive rates in the range of 0.3%-11.6%, The performance of the LF-ASD was contrasted with two other ASDs: one based on mu-power features and another based on the outlier processing method (OPM) algorithm, The minimum mean error rates for the LF-ASD were shown to be significantly lower than either of these other two switch designs.

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