Calculation of the fundamental mode sizes in optical channel waveguides using Gaussian quadrature

TitleCalculation of the fundamental mode sizes in optical channel waveguides using Gaussian quadrature
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsJaeger, N. A. F., and B. P. C. TSOU
JournalMicrowave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on
Pagination1907 -1912
Date Publishednov.
Keywordsanalytical variational expression, best fit parameters, calculated mode sizes, fundamental mode sizes, Gaussian quadrature, integrated optical circuits, integrated optics, LiNbO3:Ti, lithium compounds, numerical method, optical channel waveguides, optical waveguide theory, optical waveguides, propagation constant, refractive index, refractive index distributions, scalar wave equation, TE-like modes, titanium, TM-like modes, variational expression, variational techniques, vector wave equations

A fast numerical method using Gaussian quadrature, which takes only seconds on a microcomputer, is presented for calculating the fundamental mode sizes in optical channel waveguides. Variational expressions for the square of the propagation constant, beta;2 , of the TE- and TM-like modes are derived using the vector wave equations. For channel waveguides with gradual refractive index distributions, these expressions approach the variational expression obtained using the scalar wave equation. To show the usefulness of the numerical technique the authors present the results for titanium indiffused lithium niobate channel waveguide which are commonly used in integrated optical circuits. Since these waveguides have gradual refractive index distributions, both types of expressions give the same results; however, it takes less time to compute the mode sizes when using the variational expression obtained from the scalar wave equation. The authors find the calculated mode sizes are in good agreement with published measurements. From the comparison process, best fit parameters are obtained, which give mode sizes close to the values published in the literature. For one special case the authors are able to obtain an analytical variational expression and they use it to test the accuracy of the numerical method. They find that the values of beta;2 given by both methods agree to six significant figures


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