Glottal Waves via Inverse Filtering of Vowel Sounds

TitleGlottal Waves via Inverse Filtering of Vowel Sounds
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsDeng, H., R. K. Ward, and M. P. Beddoes
Conference NameEngineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2005. IEEE-EMBS 2005. 27th Annual International Conference of the
Pagination7000 -7003
Keywordsbioacoustics, filtering theory, glottal waves, inverse filtering, medical signal processing, residual vocal-tract resonance, speech processing, vocal-fold collision, vocal-fold parting, vocal-tract filter, vowel sounds

This paper shows how to obtain accurate glottal waves via inverse filtering of vowel sounds and how to determine if these glottal waves contain any significant resonance of vocal tracts. We obtain vocal-tract filter (VTF) estimates for the inverse filtering from sustained vowel sounds over closed glottal phases using a new method, which minimizes the effects of glottal waves on the VTF estimates. It is common that VTF estimates contain the effects of incomplete glottal closures, and the glottal waves obtained via inverse filtering contain residual vocal-tract resonance. Our simulations show that the residual resonance appears as stationary ripples superimposed on the derivatives of the original glottal waves over the duration of a glottal cycle. The VTF estimates and the glottal waves obtained from sustained vowel sounds /a/ produced by male and female subjects are presented. The derivatives of the obtained glottal waves exhibit transient positive peaks during vocal-fold collision and negative levels in the earlier stage of vocal-fold parting


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