Self-powered on-line signal injection based on a current transformer

TitleSelf-powered on-line signal injection based on a current transformer
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsDe Rybel, T., A. Singh, P. Pak, and J. R. Marti
Conference NameElectric Power Conference, 2008. EPEC 2008. IEEE Canada
Pagination1 -7
Date Publishedoct.
Keywordsasset condition monitoring, condition monitoring, current transformer, current transformers, instrument transformers, on-line diagnostics, self-powered on-line signal injection, self-referenced instrumentation, transfer function diagnostics, transfer functions

An on-line signal injection approach based on a special current transformer is proposed as part of a solution for improving the test set-up of transfer function diagnostics of transformers. However, the method is general and applicable to many types of sub-system equipment, such as breakers and transmission lines. The system allows a high-power, high-frequency test signal to be injected directly on a high-voltage bus of an energised system. Due to the self-contained nature of the system, no external power supplies or signal generators are needed and the design does not need to be ground-referenced. The system can be at the bus potential. In conjunction with wireless communication for control, no isolator bushings are required and the device can be constructed as a sleeve to be mounted around the bus-bar. This allows for economical retro-fitting to existing installations. In this paper, the operational need for such an injection device is discussed, followed by the theory behind the proposed concept. An example injection core for a 512 kV system is designed to show the practical validity of the concept and numerical simulations are performed for validation. It is shown that the injection concept is a viable, high-power, wide-band signal source for on-line equipment testing.


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