Performance Evaluation of Bluetooth Systems With LDI, Modified LDI, and NSD Receivers

TitlePerformance Evaluation of Bluetooth Systems With LDI, Modified LDI, and NSD Receivers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsBayaki, E., L. Lampe, and R. Schober
JournalVehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on
Pagination157 -168
Date Publishedjan.
Keywordsbaseband packet selection, bit-error rate, block codes, Bluetooth, Bluetooth devices, Bluetooth systems, data traffic, delay jitter, error correction codes, error-correction decoder, frequency shift keying, Gaussian frequency shift keying, integrate-and-dump filtering receiver, medium-access control layer, modified limiter-discriminator detector, noncoherent sequence detection, packet-error rate, performance evaluation, radio receivers, short-range low-power radio standard, wireless personal area networks

Bluetooth is a popular short-range low-power radio standard for wireless personal area networks. Bluetooth transmitters employ Gaussian frequency shift keying (GFSK) and simple block codes for error correction. Recently, two new receiver designs for Bluetooth devices, which are the so-called modified limiter-discriminator detector with integrate-and-dump filtering (LDI) and noncoherent sequence detection (NSD), have been proposed in the literature. While the modified LDI receiver is a concatenation of a conventional LDI detector with an improved error-correction decoder, the NSD receiver fully takes into account the memory introduced by the GFSK. Both receivers have been shown to improve the Bluetooth system performance in terms of physical-layer metrics such as bit-error rate and packet-error rate. In this paper, we present a comprehensive performance evaluation considering practically more relevant metrics such as throughput, delay, and delay jitter at the medium-access control layer. To this end, we develop an evaluation framework, which includes the spatial distribution of Bluetooth devices, path loss, fading, realistic data traffic models, scheduling, automatic repeat request, and baseband packet selection. Our numerical and simulation results verify that the newly introduced Bluetooth receivers, especially NSD, offer a significant performance enhancement for Bluetooth systems in terms of practically relevant measures.


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