Effect of eye-blinks on a self-paced brain interface design

TitleEffect of eye-blinks on a self-paced brain interface design
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsBashashati, A., B. Nouredin, R. K. Ward, P. Lawrence, and G. E. Birch
JournalClin Neurophysiol
Volume118
Pagination1639-47
Date PublishedJul
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To test the performance of an EEG-based self-paced brain interface when data contaminated with eye-blink artefacts are included in the evaluation. METHODS: Two different designs of a self-paced brain interface (the low frequency-asynchronous switch design, LF-ASD) are evaluated and compared using offline data from eight subjects. The true positive rates of the two designs are compared for three cases: (a) data containing eye-blink artefacts are excluded from the input; (b) all data, including eye-blinks, are included as input but the output decisions are inactivated during eye-blink artefacts; (c) all the data, including eye-blinks, are included as input and the output decisions are reported in all times including during eye-blink artefacts. RESULTS: The true positive rates of one design of the LF-ASD (LF-ASD-V5) for case (c) and of another design (LF-ASD-V4) for case (b) are 40.5% and 42.4%, respectively, for false positive rates of 1%. CONCLUSIONS: The true positive rates of LF-ASD-V5 when eye-blinks are included in the analysis deteriorate slightly compared to when the output during eye-blink artefacts is inactivated in LF-ASD-V4. SIGNIFICANCE: LF-ASD-V5 allows the device to be functional at all times and can handle artefacts better than LF-ASD-V4. If a slight decrease in true positive rates is acceptable, no further devices are needed to record the electro-oculogram (EOG) for detecting eye-blinks.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2007.03.020
DOI10.1016/j.clinph.2007.03.020

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