@article {Perkins1995Nonlinear-eleme,
title = {Nonlinear elements in the EMTP: steady-state initialization},
journal = {Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on},
volume = {10},
number = {2},
year = {1995},
month = {may.},
pages = {593 -601},
abstract = {A methodology is presented for the formulation and solution of power networks containing a class of nonlinear elements within the framework of electromagnetic transient programs. The method facilitates steady-state initialization formulated in the time-domain as a two-point boundary value problem. The techniques developed are applied to a simple power network exhibiting harmonics due to transformer saturation},
keywords = {boundary-value problems, computer simulation, digital simulation, electromagnetic transient programs, EMTP, harmonic analysis, harmonics, initial value problems, nonlinear elements, nonlinear network analysis, power networks, power system analysis computing, power system harmonics, software packages, steady-state initialization, time-domain, time-domain analysis, transformer saturation, two-point boundary value problem},
issn = {0885-8950},
doi = {10.1109/59.387893},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.387893},
author = {PERKINS, BK and Marti, J.R. and Dommel, H. W.}
}